Throughout their lives, women’s risk for various mental health problems fluctuates along with reproductive changes, however, research on rare psychological science once the intersection of investigating reproductive health and mental health.
A special series in Clinical Psychological Science a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, deals with these issues intersect directly, presenting a collection of research articles taking a multilevel integrative view of women ‘s mental health in the context of reproductive development.
The special series is editor invited by psychology researchers Jane Mendle (Cornell University), Tory Eisenlohr-Moul (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), and Jeff Kiesner (Università di Padova ).
“In women, epidemiological linkages between reproductive change and risk for psychopathology are clear,” Mendle, Eisenlohr-Moul, and Kiesner write in their introduction to the series . “The psychological symptoms keep changing in relation to reproductive events, such as the menstrual cycle, childbirth, menopause- through the lives of women. This occurs not only in the United States and other western industrialized nations, but every inhabited continent. ”
Depression provides clear evidence of these strong bonds. The accumulated research shows that girls are at much higher risk of depression in puberty than boys -. relatively higher risk that then continues into adulthood, increasing during the transition to menopause and falling again after menopause
Despite this, some psychological scientists include reproductive change as an integral component of their theoretical models. This lack of integration, partly because of social taboos regarding female reproduction and scientific uncertainty in the interpretation of gender differences biologically based, has important implications for clinical science, and for women in general.
“By neglecting one of the most basic aspects of life of women, our field has left unanswered fundamental questions”, the co-editors argue.
Indeed, researchers and doctors still do not have a clear understanding of what women are at greater risk of experiencing difficulties in relation to the reproductive change, or what tools are more likely to prevent or ameliorate their difficulties.
With the aim of promoting “a new generation of dialogue and education of women and mental health,” Mendle, Eisenlohr-Moul, and Kiesner have assembled a collection of research articles that readers presents interactions complex between reproductive health and mental health throughout life of women:
- Exploration of sex differences in depression and anxiety at puberty, Alloy and colleagues found evidence that girls who mature early are more likely to ruminate during the transition to puberty , which may explain their increased vulnerability to depression.
- Kiesner and colleagues examine how the symptoms of physical women, affective symptoms, and changing cognitive style through menstrual cycle finding patterns change vary considerably between individuals.
- Taking an innovative design for the traditional twin study approach, Klump and co-authors investigate how individual differences in estrogen and progesterone moderate the effects of genetic and environmental factors on emotional eating.
- presentation of longitudinal data collected during multiple pregnancies, Dunkel Schetter and colleagues identify four types of stressors of life that may predispose women to recurrence postpartum depression.
- Gordon, Girdler and coauthors provide a reinvestigation of the rise in perimenopausal depression, finding links between fluctuating estradiol, deregulation of adrenal hypothalamic-pituitary-axis, and the negative mood of women.
Mendle, Eisenlohr-Moul, and Kiesner note that address and answer fundamental questions about the relationship between reproductive changes and mental health will require new theoretical frameworks that adapt to the complex, multilevel interactions between biology, personal experience, and environmental factors as manifested within individuals throughout life.
“Generation and evaluation of these models is a daunting task. However, the alternative is to consider simplistic models that ignore the effects of cross-level and interactions and is likely a shallow vision is provided and research efforts end. We believe that the field is ready for this challenge, “they conclude.
“Explore how the reproductive health of women and mental health cross ” is replublished article from medicalxpress.com here: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-09-exploring-women-reproductive-health-mental.html