Diseases Potassium Signs and symptoms Hyperkalemia is a condition that It indicates the presence of excessive levels of potassium in the bloodstream. hyperkalemia patients often have no symptoms, but some people experience an irregular heartbeat, slow and weak pulse, fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath and nausea. Hyperkalemia requiring intensive care in hospital, with close monitoring and treatment of the same with kidney disease. dialysis; hyperkalemia including medicines diuretics; intravenous calcium; glucose and insulin; as well as restrictions on the amount of intake of dietary potassium.
According MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, hyperkalemia occurs when certain disorders, such as chronic or acute renal failure, glomerulonephritis or ability obstructive uropathy lowering kidney to remove potassium from body. Hyperkalemia can occur when cells release excess potassium in the fluid found outside the cell, as a result of burns tissue injury as gastrointetinal bleeding, surgery, traumatic injury, tumor or rhabdomyolysis drug, alcohol or infection.
Those with impaired renal function had a higher risk of experiencing hyperkalemia. It should be noted that some treatments, such as potassium-sparing diuretics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, can inhibit the body’s ability to eliminate potassium. Patients with renal failure, especially for those who perform the treatment by dialysis, should avoid foods high in potassium. These foods include meat and fish; vegetables like broccoli, peas, tomatoes and potatoes; and fruits such as kiwi, plums, apricots, and cantaloupe.
The body needs potassium to protein synthesis, metabolize carbohydrates, muscle development, and other important functions of electrical and cellular. However, care should be taken to consume potassium. If excessive, potassium give serious health consequences.
Potassium is an important component of every cell in the body. Almost 2% of potassium in the body was found in the blood. Serious injuries, severe burns, surgery, alcoholism, drug abuse, and the destruction of tumor cells are some of the factors that can damage cells and tissues to release large amounts of potassium in the blood.
- One of the main causes hyperkalemia is renal dysfunction. This is because the potassium in the body is excreted by the kidneys. Whenever there is a problem in the kidneys too often will lead to an increase in the number of high potassium levels in the body.
- Potassium supplements or medications such as anti-inflammatory medications can also cause hyperkalemia.
- The adrenal glands are located next to the kidneys produce hormones. One hormone called aldosterone. This hormone causes the kidneys to hold potassium sodium and excrete in the urine. Disorder or disease, such as Addison’s disease can also cause disorders of the adrenal glands.
- Diabetes also is known to be the cause of hyperkalemia. Diabetics often require insulin to keep glucose levels. When there is a shortage of insulin in the body, fat cells in the body is damaged. This may cause the liquid and potassium in these cells to migrate into the bloodstream.
Hiperkelamia symptoms generally tend to be asymptomatic so difficult to detect on time, unless the increase potassium occurs in a short time. The level of potassium in the blood, which is slightly higher than normal levels usually have no symptoms. Even when potassium in the blood increases gradually, the symptoms experienced hyperkalemia is not as clear. In other cases, the most common symptoms are slow heartbeat and weak pulse. Both of these symptoms accompanied by extreme fatigue, nausea, shortness of breath, weakness in the muscles that often make it difficult to move the limbs. If growth conditions become more severe, the heart stops beating altogether. In some rare cases, hyperkalemia is a genetic disorder, the level of potassium in the blood suddenly and cause increases muscle paralysis
Some of the symptoms Hiperkelamia that can be seen or feel, for example:
- muscle weakness
- mild hyperventilation
- irregular heartbeat
- respiratory problems
treatment of hyperkalemia
treatment should be done if potassium rises above 5 mEq / L in a person with renal insufficiency or above 6 mEq / L in someone with normal renal function. Potassium can be removed from the body through the digestive tract or kidneys or by dialysis. Potassium can be removed by inducing diarrhea by ingesting a preparation containing potassium sucker resin. These resins are not absorbed in the digestive tract, so that potassium out of the body through the stool.
When kidney function well, given diuretic medications to increase spending potassium. If immediate treatment is necessary, it may be given intravenous solution containing calcium, glucose or insulin. Calcium helps protect the heart from the effects of high concentrations of potassium, although this effect only lasts a few minutes.
glucose and insulin moves potassium from the blood into cells, thus decreasing the concentration of potassium in the blood. If this treatment fails or in case of kidney failure, dialysis may be necessary.
For chronic hyperkalemia require intravenous dose of insulin, glucose and calcium. Since this can help in the absorption of blood potassium. is also protect turn heart and other muscles which might otherwise damaged hiperkelamia. If this condition occurs due to kidney failure, the affected person may need dialysis to treat simultaneously. Patients should increase hyperkalemia drinking water, so the excess mineral potassium can be eliminated from the body through urine or sweat. You are reading: Symptoms hyperkalemia, Causes