Diseases Nutrition Signs and symptoms Malnutrition is a general term it refers to a medical condition caused by a diet that is not correct or not enough. Although often equated with lack of nutrition caused by lack of consumption, poor absorption, or a loss of nutrients or nutrients, this term actually also excess nutrients (supercharger) caused included eating in excess or excessive inclusion of specific nutrients in the body. One will experience malnutrition if they do not consume sufficient quantity or quality nutrients for a healthy diet for a long enough period of time. Prolonged malnutrition can lead to starvation, disease and infection.
Malnutrition in children can affect brain development. As a result, the child will suffer permanent brain damage includes, lack of myelin and dendrites, and neuritransmitter malfunction. Nutrients that must be taken regularly, among others, iodine, iron, vitamins and proteins. Iodine deficiency, for example, can lead to reduced intelligence and stunted children. Others, lack of vitamin A makes children decreased vision, even blindness. Children with malnutrition are also easily recognizable with physical characteristics that look. The first feature is a face that looks much older than the actual age.
In children with good nutrition, face looks bright and fresh. Children with malnutrition tends to show facial wrinkles, such as parents who were exposed to a lot of trouble. Behavior was not nimble as a normal child. The mental development of malnourished children tend to inhibit. It is distinguished by the dominant attitude of the child, as too cold, irritable or cry easily. The so insensitive children due to lack of stimulation due to malnutrition.
Signs and symptoms of malnutrition
Symptoms vary and depend on the cause of malnutrition. However, some common symptoms include fatigue, dizziness and weight loss. Children suffering from severe malnutrition behavior often experience slow growth, it can even lead to mental retardation. These are the symptoms of malnutrition in children
- easily tired and without energy,
- frequent dizziness
- susceptible to infection
- dry, scaly skin,
- gums swell and bleed easily
- teeth brittle
- difficulty concentrating,
- below normal weight
- slow growth
- weak muscles
- flatulence, and
- brittle bones.
causes of malnutrition
Malnutrition as a result of the lack of essential nutrients, can be caused by various conditions or circumstances. In many developing countries malnutrition (chronic) long term is widespread, because people do not have enough food to eat. Meanwhile, in rich countries, malnutrition is usually caused by:
- Poor diet: If a person does not eat enough food, or what they eat does not provide nutrients they need. Poor nutrition can be caused by several different factors.
- mental health problems: Some patients with mental health conditions such as depression, can develop eating habits that lead to malnutrition. Patients with anorexia nervosa or bulimia can develop malnutrition because food they eat too little
- mobility problems: People with mobility problems may suffer from malnutrition
- . indigestion and stomach condition :. Some people can eat well, but their bodies can not absorb the nutrients they need
- Alcoholism: An alcoholic is a person who suffered from alcoholism, the body is very dependent alcohol. Alcoholism is a chronic (long-term). People suffering from alcoholism may develop gastritis, or damage to the pancreas. These problems also seriously weakens the body’s ability to digest food, absorb certain vitamins and hormones that regulate metabolism. Alcohol contains calories, reduce hunger.
Diseased caused by malnutrition
According to the World Health Organization, malnutrition is the biggest contributor to child mortality, either directly or indirectly lead to various disorders deficiency. Here is a list of diseases caused by malnutrition, we must know:
- vitamin A deficiency
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